Benefits of Choosing Natural Health Products

Exactly what are natural health products?

First off, natural health products are in the form of plant and herb extracts that contain vitamins, minerals, herbal treatments, probiotics and also other components including amino acids and essential fatty acids. Mainly well-known as homeopathic remedies and traditional Chinese medicines.

Basically, these products aim to promote one’s health by nurturing the body’s healing processes and boosting the defense mechanisms. The one thing that separates natural health products from synthetic ones is not only that they does not need to any prescriptions but in addition they don’t really introduce harmful chemicals for the body, thereby, preventing complications.

The present situation

Because the majority of an synthetic products cause harmful negative effects and unreliable results, lots of individuals opt to go for natural ways on improving their health and well-being and also on curing their illnesses, hence, the advent of natural health products.

Some people continue to be unconvinced on its effectiveness, though the products are a hundred percent natural and safe for use. However, let us try to look back – even before the discovery of antibiotics and other synthetic products, people are using natural ones to keep their optimal health.

Choose what’s right and greatest

Because the increasing demands in our daily lives, we often forget to manage our body, thus, putting our health within the risk. When you neglect to eat on the perfect time, exercise every day or we fail to sleep an adequate amount, we’re not only risking our health and wellness as well as we lessen the optimal functioning that the body must have.

On this, adopting natural healthy lifestyle is the key to optimal health and best functioning. Natural health products can promote better healing and can also sustain our bodies’ lifelong functioning than those of synthetic ones.

What are the benefits?

Aside from the point that it is actually a hundred percent natural, there are additional benefits that you can get from using these natural health products. If you haven’t tried using one, then this quick rundown of advantages may help you.

1.Safety.
Considering they are containing natural ingredients from plants, animals or herb extracts, these kinds of products are generally safer to use. Also, the ingredients used in these kinds of products are effectively absorbed and synthesized by our own bodies which minimizes and/or eliminates the potential for loss of having any adverse complications. Additionally, these products cause less allergies and side-effects which include gastrointestinal discomforts, drowsiness or dizziness.

2. Effectiveness.
Generally, the products have undergone various researches before they’re being introduced in the marketplace. Lots of firms are investing millions for the development and manufacture of supplements in order to ensure the effectiveness of their products. With this, aside from that they are safe but also they’re guaranteed to be effective to use.

3. Cost-Effective.
These products are less expensive than others of synthetic ones. Also, the geek is affordable and won’t need you to spend lots of money simply to take care of your health.

Natural health products offer nothing but the best for the maintenance and sustenance of our own health and bodily functioning. They are safe, effective and much cheaper to use.

The Best of Athens Guide for Tourists

Before you get too excited, read below to find some great tips about travelling to Athens. If you plan ahead, you’ll ensure that your Athens vacation is the best it can be!

Getting to Athens: Using a Greek Travel Agent

You might be frightened about using a travel agent you’re not familiar with – especially from a foreign country. Have no fear, using a reputable Greek travel agent is probably the safest and most affordable way to schedule your visit to Athens.

There are several reasons why using a Greek travel agent can help your travels go more smoothly. One, they are very familiar with the Athens area and can direct you to the right hotel, activities and travel methods during your stay. A travel agent who is not located in Greece will not always be able to provide the best possible options. Second, a Greek travel agent often has access to more discounted packages for hotels, rental cars, cruises, resort packages, tours, airline tickets, etc. So, you will probably save money on your overall travel expenses by using a Greek travel agent. Third, if you run into problems during your stay, get lost or lose something, a travel agent who’s actually located in Athens will be able to assist you directly. If your travel agent is located thousands of miles away, you’re pretty much on your own!

Ferry Schedules and Travel Agents

Ferry schedules are a whole other ball park when it comes to planning your trip. By using a Greek travel agent, you’ll have access to the most up-to-date ferry boat schedules. Ferry boats are used to travel to and from the Greek islands, so you must be able to schedule your ride at the right times if you plan to visit any islands while in Athens. The problem with ferry schedules is that they’re are usually released and changed at the last minute. So, even using the Internet to research your own schedules will not always be accurate. The last thing you need is to be stranded on some island!

Recommended Hotels in Athens

When planning your trip to Athens, be sure you understand where your hotel is located, what rating it has and the expense of staying there. Many hotels and resorts are available in Athens, but you want to be sure it will meet your needs. The best way to know for sure is to talk with a travel agent and explain the type of room and price you desire.

Great areas to stay in Athens include Makrianni, Plaka, Thission, Syntagma, Koukaki and Monastiraki. These are within walking distance of many of the major attractions and sights in Athens, so you can avoid driving downtown as much as possible. Also these areas all border the Acropolis and its surrounding archaeological park. Shops, restaurants, taxis, ferry ports, buses, etc. are all nearby these areas as well.

Below is a list of some great hotels in Athens, some being upscale and others being family-oriented or inexpensive.

Avra Rafina

The Avra Rafina is a great three-star hotel that’s located near the ferries. It’s a great place to stay if you want to be away from the city life of Athens and take a visit to the islands.

Hotel Athens Plaza

This is a fine hotel that has a building on Syntagma Square as well as one building that sits away from the Grande Bretagne. It’s elegant and the price shows it!

Armonia Hotel The Armonia Hotel is located out of the center of Athens at a quiet beach location. It’s close to the airport with easy access to cruise ships and ferries. The rooms are of high quality, and it offers a swimming pool.

Electra Palace Hotel

The Electra Palace Hotel is an A-category hotel that has been renovated recently. It has an indoor pool, comfortable rooms and great views of the Acropolis. The location is in the Plaka and only two blocks from Syntagma Square.

Astor Hotel

The Astor Hotel is an A-category hotel that is located only a half a block from Syntagma Square. It offers a delicious breakfast at the restaurant, a roof garden, gift shop and more! A conference room is also available for meetings. The rooms are well-furnished and have central heating, air conditioning, color television and radio. Upper-level rooms have balconies.

Athens Cypria Hotel

This hotel is located on a small street just a couple of blocks from Syntagma Square, and near the shopping street that welcomes pedestrians – Ermou. It’s also close to the Plaka and the archaeological sites.

The Adams Hotel

The Adams Hotel is family-owned and operated. It has been completely renovated and all rooms now have television, bathrooms, air conditioning and some have balconies with a terrace. It’s located on a quiet street in the Plaka, and is only a block from Kydatheneon Street. Although not fancy, the renovation helped this hotel tremendously with comfort and appearance!

Cecil Hotel

This hotel is in a neo-classical building located in old Athens. It’s near the Ancient Market and the New City Market. The central pedestrian street is also nearby. The Lycabettus Hill, the Syntagma, the Acropolis and the Philopappus are all near as well.

Hotel Attalos

The Hotel Attalos is located near the Monastiraki Flea Market and Metro Station, and only a five-minute walk to the Acropolis and Plaka. It offers air conditioning for the rooms, breakfast and a rooftop cafe where you can view the Parthenon.

St. George Lycabettus

This is a deluxe hotel that has its own restaurant, bar, swimming pool and more. It’s located in Kolonaki and is only a 15-minute walk to Plaka. Rates are really good if you travel in August.

The Hotel Hilton

The Hotel Hilton is a deluxe hotel with four restaurants, a health club, shops, in-house movies and more! There are many great features about this hotel, but if you stay here, you’ll have a long walk to the Plaka.

Hotel Divani Acropolis

Another hotel in the deluxe category, the Hotel Divani Acropolis offers a restaurant, great rooms, a roof garden, a pool, air conditioning and heat and conference facilities. It is only a five-minute walk to the Acropolis and the Plaka.

The Athens Central

This is a lovely hotel located in the Plaka that has been renovated to a more modern style. It offers a great view of the Acropolis and city from the roof garden and many of the rooms. The rooms have air conditioning and television. The hotel has low rates also.

Hotel Royal Olympic

The Hotel Royal Olympic is located only ten minutes from the Syntagma and the Plaka. It offers air conditioned rooms with satellite television, a restaurant and bar, a garden pool and more!

Athens Intercontinental

This is another deluxe hotel with in-house movies, a health study, shops, a bank, four restaurants, etc. It is located 20 minutes from the Plaka if you go on foot.

Museums in Athens

While in Athens, don’t forget to tour some of the city’s unique museums. Athens has museums to suit all tastes. Whether you enjoy art, culture or a modern theme, a museum awaits. Below is a list of the most popular museums in Athens.

National Archaeological Museum

The Benaki Museum

The Goulandris Museum of Cycladic and Ancient Greek Art

Kerameikos Museum

Museum of Greek Folk Art

Jewish Museum

National Gallery

National Historical Museum

Museum of Popular Musical Instruments

Byzantine Museum

War Museum

Greek Historical Costume Museum

Theatrical Museum

Frissiras Museum of Contemporary Greek and European Painting

Acropolis Museum

Athens Nightlife

Athens has a nightlife that’s constantly on the move. You’ll never grow bored during your trip. In the evenings, you can dine at fine Greek restaurants, enjoy live music, go dancing or whatever suits your fancy. There are theatrical shows and dinner theaters where you can enjoy a variety of entertainment. Much of the activity at night can be found in the Plaka, Psiri or Thission areas.

Use the information above to make the most of your visit to Athens. You can enjoy a great getaway if you plan ahead!

Touring the Museums of Greece

Greece offers hundreds of museums, whether in the main cities, on the islands or in remote villages. There are museums everywhere in Greece, and they each focus on different aspects of Greek culture and history. Below is a list of museums with a brief description of each. Be sure to visit a museum in the area of Greece you visit.

Museums in Athens, Greece

National Archaeological Museum

This museum ranks in the top ten museums in the world and offers its collection display in a lovely building near Alexandras Avenue. The museum has a cafe, gift shop and sculpture garden.

The Benaki Museum

This is a multi-floored museum with every level moving up in history. The bottom floor displays the most ancient items.

The Goulandris Museum of Cycladic and Ancient Greek Art

This Athens museum offers a great collection of old Cycladic art. It opens daily except Sundays and Tuesdays.

Kerameikos Museum

This museum is located at the ancient Athens cemetery at the bottom of Ermou. It’s just past the Monastiraki Flea Market. The museum has tombstones and pottery.

Museum of Greek Folk Art

Here you’ll find wood carvings, embroideries, jewelry and traditional folk art. There are also fabulous ceramic collections.

Jewish Museum

The Jewish Museum in Athens offers a display of artifacts and art from Jewish communities. You can also learn about the Holocaust here, which makes the visit worthwhile.

National Gallery

At the National Gallery you’ll find a terrific collection from Greek painters and also international artists, which includes some impressive sculptures.

Sports Headlines: Patriots, Raiders And More

Brady drives Pats to win over Miami

An ex-Dolphin, Wes Welker turned into the primary weapon of Tom Brady and the Patriots in their great 38-24 triumph over Miami, and it appears like Tom Brady is avid to collector another NFL MVP title as he played remarkably, tossing for 4 touchdowns and 517 yards, furthermore permitted New England to soften their own particular establishment record up terms of yards as they completed the diversion with a sum of 622. The Dolphins benefited a vocation against the Pats, yet their 12 men on barrier fizzled extremely in limiting Brady, permitting him and the AFC East ebb and flow champions to begin their consistent season with the right foot.

Plunderers win in Jackson’s presentation

In spite of a splendid vocation helping different mentors, it is the first run through Hue Jackson opens a season as the head mentor of a NFL group, the Oakland Raiders whom are right now 1-0 after their triumph over the Broncos by 23-20, while on the opposite side of the seat, John Fox lost on his presentation as Denver’s head mentor in the wake of putting in 8 years similarly situated with the Carolina Panthers.

Nadal acclaims Djokovic and his accomplishments after annihilation

Novak Djokovic has won 4 thousand pummel titles amid his vocation, 3 of those this year alone, including the US Open, his latest one, and presumably one of the hardest ones as he beat Rafael Nadal, whom had only acclaims for the accomplishments of his adversary by saying that “Clearly I’m baffled yet this person is doing mind blowing things so congrats Novak.” And the Serbian likewise had some rebound words for the Spaniard as he said that “I’ve had a stunning year and it continues onward however every time I play Rafa it’s a major test and I need to compliment him on an extraordinary competition.

Ramirez stuck in an unfortunate situation, battery charges

A previous World Series MVP who simply resigned for the current year for the most part because of assertions concerning the use of banned substances, Manny Ramirez’s is again on the features after charges of battery against his better half, who called the police after she was probably assaulted by the slugger. Ramirez burned through one night in prison after he was discharged on safeguard by his sister, and in the event that he is discovered guiltyBusiness Management Articles, he may burn through one entire year in jail.

Stafford Beats Tebow, Eagles Back On Track

Lions with triumph over Broncos

Tim Tebow was sacked 7 times by Detroit, and the Lions transformed the Broncos’ quarterback 2 turnovers into touchdowns, permitting the Michigan group to think of another significant triumph that now has them with a present record of 6-2.

Denver lost the amusement 45-10, and Tim Tebow was in no way like the man we saw against Miami, as around then he brought his group once again from a 15-0 shortage against the Dolphins to at last beat them 18-15. Then again, Matthew Stafford tossed for 3 touchdowns and finished 21 of 30 goes against the Broncos and helped his group to a significant triumph that quieted every one of the faultfinders that were tossing negative remarks at the Lions for losing two amusements in succession.

Presently Detroit is second at the NFC North behind the Packers, and enthusiasts of the unsurpassed underdog establishment are trusting that their group is going to keep on having good fortunes on their side so as to continue imagining with a playoff seed.

Hawks best Cowboys and are second at NFC East

On account of the Eagles’ 34-7 triumph over the Cowboys, their head mentor, Andy Reid, keeps on having an unbeaten record of diversions won following a bye week as he is at present 13-0. With the win, the Eagles, whom were known as the “all-buildup” group toward the start of the season, are beginning to get back on track after a 2-4 begin, and Michael Vick appeared to be great, as he tossed 2 touchdown passes, and LeSean McCoy completed the diversion with 185 yards surging (a profession best for him) and 2 scores. The win was not just confirmation that Philly is back at the playoffs party, additionally helped them to secure a second place at the NFC East behind the Giants.

Steelers enhance to 6-2 with win over Pats

After their 25-17 triumph over the Patriots (the main establishment that has won more Super Bowls amid this century than them), the Steelers are demonstrating that they are the group to beat at the AFC North, as they are undefeated at home this season (4-0), and have likewise won 4 straight, however they are unassuming and realize that it is about collaboration and not let huge wins like this to make them arrogant, “It was an awesome win, yet I’ve been on groups where we’ve beat the Patriots beforePsychology Articles, and they returned and gave it to us truly great in the AFC Championship Game. So you can’t overcompensate. We won’t blow up. It was an extraordinary win for us. We’re going to celebrate and appreciate and after that get prepared for Baltimore.” Were the expressions of Pittsburgh wide collector Hines Ward.

Understanding PAT Testing Regulations

Did you know that there is technically no legal requirement for you to have the electrical appliances within your workplace, or the residency of your tenants, PAT tested? It’s true; there is no law that insists that it must be undertaken. Things are never as simple as they seem though, because although it isn’t written in stone that a PAT testing company must darken your door once every year, the law does state that every item of electrical equipment must be ‘safe, well maintained and suitable for the purpose for which it is being used’. And the way to ensure that this is the case? PAT testing.

Failing to ensure that your electrical equipment is safe will certainly cost you, with some serious cases facing unlimited fines and jail terms. Without evidence to show that you have kept your electrical equipment maintained and tested imagine the repercussions should an employee or tenant suffer an electric shock, or be injured in a fire caused by an unsafe electrical appliance. The risk simply isn’t worth it.

It is true that many faults with electrical devices can be spotted with simple visual inspection. You can see that the plug for your computer has a crack through its centre, or the obvious burn marks on the cable from your kettle. What you can’t see is what is happening beneath the surface. You can’t see the condition of the wires within the plug itself, or whether the earth wire is doing its job successfully. That is why it is essential that all electrical appliances are tested frequently; there is no other way to stay compliant with the legislation related to PAT testing.

Several sections of legislation correspond to the maintenance of your electrical appliances; let’s consider some of these now:

The Health and Safety at Work Act, 1974

It seems that the UK has gone health and safety mad in recent years, but when it comes to ensuring that electrical appliances are safe this makes perfect sense. Section 2(1) of this particular act informs an employer that it is their responsibility to care for their employees and to keep them safe.

The Electricity at Work Regulations, 1989

Any and every piece of electrical equipment is technically covered by the Electricity at Work Regulations. This legislation is designed to prevent injuries that could be caused from working with electrical appliances. It clearly specifies that all electrical systems must be maintained so as to prevent danger (as far as is reasonably practicable).

The Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations, 1998 (PUWER)

This final piece of legislation that we will consider is very clear in its instruction that all electrical work equipment must be suitable for its purpose, and maintained to a state of efficient working order and good repair. Any equipment to be used in work should be constructed, or adapted, to be suitable for what it will be used for, and should be used only for operations for which it is deemed to be suitable.

Hopefully you now understand that although PAT testing is not technically a legal requirement, it is something that must be undertaken to ensure the continual safety of you and your employees.

PAT Testing Compliance Is Essential

Portable Appliance Testing in Watford – or PAT Testing in Watford – is as essential as elsewhere in the UK. Every company in both the private and public sector needs to carry out inspections on equipment used by staff, clients and customers. Regulations were introduced in 1989 concerning work-related electrical equipment. The law applies equally to fixed and to portable equipment, where the portable equipment is connected to the fixed electrical equipment. It’s required that the equipment should be maintained to prevent danger. Every self-employed person, and employer must comply with the provision of the regulations.

Today, more than two decades after the introduction of the legal requirements, PAT Testing in Watford is more important than ever. Removing danger over the use of any electrical equipment has become paramount in the move from paper to virtual documentation. For example, with advances in technology, legal compliance in other sectors means that digital signatures are now the norm where handwritten signatures were acceptable in the past. Handheld and portable electrical devices are themselves often used to make checks on inventory and to inspect equipment. These devices must themselves be checked to ensure that they are safe to use, so PAT Testing in Watford is a legal requirement. Advice from the Institution of Engineering and Technology (the IET) and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) suggests that in the case of the field of construction, inspection and testing should be carried out at three month intervals for certain types of appliance. Other fields should carry out inspections annually and testing less frequently in some cases. Offices, shops, hotels and schools are all covered in the guidance stipulations. In effect, the intensity and depth of testing and inspection depends on the risk that the appliance will develop faults.

Obviously, the nature of the electrical equipment and its environment will play major factors in the potential development of problems. For example, a dusty environment such as a building site may require more thorough maintenance of equipment than more hygienic environments. However, even a sterile laboratory environment that produces high-value medications may require the maintenance of electrical equipment as a breakdown will be more costly.

Employees should be made aware when not to use portable equipment. For example, if the power cable to a laptop is frayed, or the plug on another piece of equipment is cracked, then that appliance should not be used until the fault is fixed. Users should be made aware how to make their own checks and carry out minor tests on equipment before they use it if necessary. Statistically, the vast majority of problems with electrical equipment are found with a visual inspection. Faults should be reported to supervising staff or management.

PAT Testing in Watford can be carried out by an external company or it can be carried out by those who work within a company who have been provided with the training to do so. Those with official qualifications and employees who have attended health and safety courses offered by electrical health and safety companies can perform inspections and testing. Outsourcing of PAT testing is common, but compliance officers within a company often receive training in the testing of portable equipment.

What Is PAT Testing and Why Is It Used?

PAT testing is an important testing process in the UK, Republic of Ireland, Australia and New Zealand by which portable appliances are required to be checked for safety standards. The Health and Safety at Work Act of 1974 was the first legislation that required companies to have their electrical equipment tested on a regular basis. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations of 1999 established further requirements for PAT testing. Health and safety regulations require that portable electrical appliances in the workplace operate in a safe manner that prevents any potential harm to employees. By law, all electrical systems must be properly inspected and tested for defects and safety.

The law allows companies to gauge their electrical appliances in-house, which allows for more flexibility during the process. However, many companies hire an external company that has employees qualified to perform PAT testing. All testers must have extensive knowledge of electrical systems and they must be officially qualified to perform PAT. Each tester must have a sufficient understanding related to the modes of electrical, thermal and mechanical damage that may result from damaged or poorly designed equipment. There are four different testing situations designated by the IEE Code of Practice:

1) Type testing to an appropriate standard. This type involves testing to determine whether the electrical equipment meets the designated requirements. Type testing is frequently performed by external organizations.

2) Production calibration. Production calibration involves testing the electrical appliance during the production of the appliance and before it is released into service. Production testing is important to prevent unsafe appliances from being utilized by workers.

3) In-service testing. In-service testing involves a preliminary inspection, continuity tests, insulation testing and functional checks. In-service testing is performed to provide certainty that electrical appliances are currently in satisfactory condition. If an electrical appliance fails this test, it must either be repaired or replaced.

4) Testing after repair. If an electrical appliance was in unsatisfactory condition and has been repaired, tests must be performed to ensure that the repairs were sufficient to restore the appliance to satisfactory condition.

The level of testing required for portable electrical appliances is largely dependent on the risk associated with the specific appliance. To ensure that electrical appliances are safe in the home and in the workplace, it is important to perform PAT testing on a regular basis. This can often be done on site by calling out a PAT tester, many can be found online in local areas.

What You Must Know About PAT Testing in London

The Health and Safety Executive in the UK, and enactment, for example, the Electricity at Work Regulations, express that electrical apparatuses ought to be kept up to guarantee that they are sheltered and represent no danger of damage to the people utilizing them. The main genuine approach to conform to the different bits of enactment is known as Pat Testing and in London, it is an imperative part of any wellbeing and security strategy inside the work environment.

With more than a quarter century of reported mischances which include electrical gear finishing in a casualty, measurements demonstrate that in circumstances where PAT testing does not occur in London, electrical hardware has neglected to be accurately kept up. Furthermore, episodes of flame often begin by electrical machines either not being kept in great condition or by gear being utilized for purposes other than proposed or by being put away in unacceptable conditions.

The level to which the hardware must be have PAT Testing performed, relies on upon the sort of apparatus, the nature and area in which it is utilized and the probability of it getting to be flawed. The Health and Safety at Work Act puts a legitimate commitment on businesses and the independently employed in circumstances where electrical apparatuses are utilized by representatives as a part of the working environment. This additionally applies to such places where repairs or administrations of hardware are completed, or by people in general for instance, in shops, lodgings, schools, medicinal focuses, and rental shops with gear for contract.

On the off chance that you fall into any of the aforementioned classes or one comparative, then you have to guarantee your versatile electric machines are tried as needs be.

How would you choose which organization you ought to use to do your PAT Testing?

All things considered, there are a couple of things to discover preceding selecting a temporary worker.

The firm you are thinking about utilizing ought to be licensed by an outer association, for example, NICEIC. This association has strict measures and any licensed organization will have the capacity to supply you with a full strategy explanation and a danger appraisal of any work waiting be done to guarantee the gear is kept up to the required level.

In spite of the fact that the specialists playing out the testing are not lawfully obliged to hold City and Guilds 2377 authentications, capabilities of this kind are prone to energize your trust in the PAT Testing organization.

You can likewise approach the organization to give references to you of individuals who have utilized their administrations as a part of the past. You can then get in touch with them and request their assessment of the demonstrable skill of the organization.

Whilst having your hardware tried, you would prefer not to lessen your business turnover so it is key to have the capacity to keep your business running all through this timeframe. This should be possible by picking a PAT Testing organization who are adaptable and arranged to work to your necessities along these lines bringing on as meager disturbance as could be expected under the circumstances to the working day.

PAT Testing Equipment – Advice on Choosing the Right Type of PAT Testing Equipment

Electrical equipment is one of the most common causes of workplace fires and this is frequently due to a faulty or damaged appliance. Workplace health and safety legislation requires all employers to carry out regular testing on all portable electrical appliances, and to ensure that they are maintained in safe working order.

Whether you buy in the services of a specialist contractor or train your own staff to do your PAT testing in-house will depend on the nature of your workplace and size of your business. Testing courses are normally only a single day, and you can purchase PAT testing equipment very easily. However, there are several different types of PAT tester out there, and you should consider which type is best going to suit your needs before you purchase. This article is intended to help you narrow down your search to find the most appropriate PAT testing equipment.

Pass/Fail Type Equipment

Starting at the beginning, the Pass/Fail sort of devices are the simplest and most basic models, giving only a straight pass or fail result and no further detail. PAT testing equipment can be designed to carry out various different tests, but the pass/fail type tend to only do the insulation and earth continuity tests. They are unlikely to offer the selectable earth continuity test current, which is an important point, as this can be a problem unless you only have a very limited number and type of appliances to test.

The difficulty with PAT testing equipment without a variable current are limited in the equipment they can test reliably. Equipment with a higher current should not be used on IT equipment and testers with a fixed low current are not reliable for testing general electrical appliances. If you need to PAT test a range of different types of appliances accurately you will therefore need to have a selectable current function.

Another restriction with pass/fail PAT testing equipment is that they will have a fixed earth bond pass limit, which does not allow any adjustment. The problem with this is that it can result in some equipment failing the test, simply because they have very long leads, rather than because anything is wrong with them. While it may be tempting to increase the limit to compensate for this, doing so would actually contravene the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) Code of Practice and perfectly good appliances may still not pass.

Manual Testing Equipment

Manual PAT testing equipment has greater functionality than the simple pass/fail type, which can overcome the problems highlighted above. These increased functions and the greater detail and variability do, however, mean that the testers are a bit more complicated, so anyone using them would require a more in depth knowledge in order to fully utilise and understand them. There is therefore an implication for staff training. The selectable earth continuity test current in this type of device makes them suitable for testing IT equipment.

Downloadable Pat Testers

Downloadable PAT testing equipment automates the testing process and stores the results so that they can be printed off or downloaded to a computer. This function can be a great advantage if your premises are particularly large or complicated. These testers can also have other functionality covering all sorts of things, some of which may be of more use than others, depending on your situation.

One function worth looking for is the ability to take true earth bond measurements. This is a feature that can save your testers time, and therefore cost you less. Carrying out earth bond measurements on appliances that have multiple earth paths (on a PC for example) cannot be done without disconnecting it from all other equipment first, unless your PAT tester has this function. That can add a lot of time and money if you have a significant amount of IT equipment to test.

HSE Says PAT Testing Is Not a Legal Requirement – Or Does It?

Recently the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) released a document entitled “Maintaining portable electric equipment in low-risk environments” which prompted loads of articles, blogs, tweets, Facebook posts, etc. stating that the HSE had announced that there was no law that says PAT Testing is required, and that PAT Testing was illegal or didn’t have to be done.

As someone who has read this article in detail more than once, and seen many of the other articles, and to add to that, put many people right, I need to ask the question – did the source of this myth start with someone who hadn’t read the article correctly?

My first issue: at no point in the document does it say that PAT Testing is illegal
My second issue: at no point in the document does it say that you don’t have to get PAT Tested

In fact the first time the term Portable Appliance Test (PAT) is mentioned the document states “not every electrical item needs a portable appliance test (PAT)”. So my question to all those articles I have read is this; if PAT Testing is in fact illegal, as so many of you have said, then why would the HSE state that not every electrical item needs a PAT Test? Surely if the HSE says not every item needs a PAT test, then it also says that some items DO need a PAT test. Thus it is not saying that PAT Testing is illegal but is in fact saying that PAT Testing IS a requirement.

What the document does say, in depth and I think this is where people are taking it out of proportion is “you must maintain electrical equipment if it can cause danger, but the law* does not say how you must do this or how often”. In this case the law referred to is stated as the Electricity at Work Regulations 1999.

So, you, the business owner or manager must ensure you maintain your electrical equipment if it can cause danger – all electrical equipment can cause danger because it is electrical; it works from electricity, which is dangerous.

How many owners or managers can honestly say that they maintain their electrical equipment on a regular basis and keep records to prove it. As an experience electrical inspection engineer I can honestly say, “not many”.

By conducting what is generally referred to as a PAT Test, you are showing that you are taking action to ensure your electrical appliances are safe, and with the certificate issued you have evidence to prove you have done this.

The second part of the statement says that “the law does not say how you must do this or how often”, but this HSE document and other HSE documents do, as does the Code of Practice for In-service Inspection and Testing of electrical equipment, which PAT Testing companies are supposed to work to.